Important Details to Know Concerning Diverticular Disease
Many people develop small pockets or pouches in the colon or large intestine lining. In many cases, the person is unaware that these pouches or bursae have developed. They rarely cause noticeable symptoms and are only discovered during a routine screening test or tested for another disease. When the doctor finds these pockets, the patient is diagnosed with diverticulosis.
When does diverticulosis turn into diverticulitis?
Diverticulosis is more common in older people because it tends to develop with age; however, it can affect people of all ages. The condition is usually harmless because most people remain asymptomatic, and diverticula do not damage the digestive system; however, when one or more of these pouches becomes inflamed or infected, a condition known as diverticulitis, or diverticular disease, occurs.
Diverticulitis usually requires medical treatment, as it can cause serious complications and even be life-threatening if left untreated. Less severe cases of diverticulitis can be treated with antibiotics, rest, and dietary changes; however, in more severe cases, surgery may be required.
Symptoms of diverticulitis
Although diverticulitis can cause numerous symptoms, the most common symptom is a severe or sharp pain that comes on suddenly and is felt in the lower left abdomen. The person may also experience abdominal tenderness, change in bowel habits, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, diarrhea, or constipation.
In some cases, a person may experience swelling in the abdomen or bleeding from the rectum. Diverticulitis can cause various complications, including blockage of the colon, rectal bleeding, abscess, fistula, peritonitis, an abdomen infection, and a medical emergency.
Treatment of diverticulitis
Treatment for diverticulitis varies greatly depending on the symptoms and their severity and whether this is the patient’s first attack or has had multiple or frequent attacks. Initial treatment for diverticulitis maybe home treatment consisting of a liquid diet and rest, as well as antibiotics until the infection clears up, and then high-fiber foods, including whole grains, fresh fruits, and vegetables, can be gradually introduced in a few days.
You can also take an over-the-counter pain reliever to relieve the pain symptom. Surgery may also be necessary if the patient has a fistula, perforation, abscess, or repeated diverticulitis bouts. You may inquire more about Advanced Colorectal and General Surgery’s diverticular disease treatment on their website or call them today.
It can cause hard stools and tension, which increases pressure on the intestine colon. The risk of diverticulitis can be reduced by eating a high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of fluids, exercising regularly, and not postponing the urge to have a bowel movement.